PM Modi’s quiet Para-Diplomacy with China has helped in resolving the 2 months long Doklam standoff and BRICS nations naming Pakistan-based terror groups in a joint declaration against terrorism. These twin major developments within a week signal a diplomatic victory for India and an adjustment in Beijing’s stance in line with current geopolitical trends.
China’s attempt to make the BRICS — Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa — Summit successful ahead of the once-in-five-years congress of its ruling Communist Party in October appears to have influenced Beijing’s decision-making process on Doklam and its position on Pakistan-based terrorist outfits Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM), according to people familiar with the Asian giant.
However Chinese Experts have the difference of opinion here, as per them China has made a big blunder by including terrorist groups based in Pakistan and Afghanistan in the Xiamen declaration as the move could prove costly for its ties with countries in the region.
Also, they said the agenda of Brics, which is usually an economic forum, was hijacked by India under the able leadership of PM Modi.
The famous Xiamen declaration endorsed by the five Brics countries listed the “Taliban, ISIL/DAISH, Al-Qaida and its affiliates, including Eastern Turkistan Islamic Movement (ETIM), Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan, the Haqqani network, Lashkar-e-Taiba, Jaish-e-Mohammad, TTP and Hizbut-Tahrir,” as terrorist groups.
The BRICS statement clearly said that “We deplore all terrorist attacks… and condemn terrorism in all its forms and manifestations wherever committed and by whomsoever and stress that there can be no justification for any act of terrorism”.
Chinese experts questioned their government’s inability to raise objections on such a selective inclusion of groups in the list.
As per Hu Shisheng, director of the Institute of South and Southeast Asian and Oceania Studies at the China Institutes of Contemporary International Relations, “The China-Pakistan relationship will face its biggest, biggest challenge since the 1960s, and I think this is a too costly mistake committed by the Chinese government. It is really a big mistake, which the Chinese government will feel in the coming years.”
Echoing the similar views, a leading expert who did not wish to be identified said that “India won the game and the statement is what India wanted and got. It’s not a step that China should have allowed”, it’s a big blunder.”